If you are planning one starting a winery in the near future and want to produce the best wine, then here are 7 secrets to consider when doing so.
Grapes depend on a lot of sun to be able to grow well.
It is really important to ensure there is good air circulation in a vineyard to avoid your vines being attacked by any fungi. Make sure you vineyard is located far from any forests, buildings or tall crops.
3. Cool Nights
4. Bad Soil
Thought that to make wine rich, fertile soil was all you needed? Think again. The truth is that in poor soil, roots have to struggle harder to get nutrients and water. Less water results in a more concentrated grape instead of a bland, watery one which means more flavour. The best soils for grapes are thus rocky ones, preferably situated on a slope as this encourages better drainage. Remember grapes do not like yet feet so good drainage is key. Fertile soils are overproductive and therefore the best qualities of the grape are not reached.
South facing slopes in the Northern Hemisphere for more direct sunlight and North facing slopes in Southern Hemisphere for more direct sunlight.
6. Vine Management
Good vine management through vine training systems and adequate plant density. You can consult your local agronomist or enologist for information on what plant density is best suited for your soils.
7. Grape Selection
Selecting the right grape varieties for the right soil and climate. Some grape varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon prefer slightly warmer growing regions than a Pinot Noir or Reisling. Be sure to plant the right grapes in the right area to get the most of the climate and soils.