There are many methods for brewing a perfect cup of coffee and no single technique is right for everybody. You can choose the best method of brewing coffee depending on your needs and coffee preferences.
So how do you choose to brew your coffee? There are certain guidelines to follow which can give you the best cup of coffee possible. To optimize the quality of every cup of perfect coffee you prepare, fine-tune your brewing schedule by incorporating these suggestions.
The Equipment you are using
Your equipment has to be thoroughly cleaned after each use by rinsing it with clear, hot water and drying it with an absorbent towel.
Buy coffee as soon after it has been roasted. Fresh roasted coffee is necessary for a superb cup of coffee. Also remember to always purchase your coffee in small amounts so that you can use in a given period of time. It is advisable to buy your coffee fresh every 1-2 weeks.
If you purchase whole bean coffee, always grind your beans as close to the brew time as possible. If you normally grind your coffee at home with a blade grinder, try having it ground at the store with a burr grinder. Another thing is never reuse your coffee grounds. Once brewed, the desirable coffee flavours have been extracted and only the bitter undesirable ones are left.
The water you use is incredibly important to the quality of your coffee. Use filtered or bottled water if your tap water is not good or imparts a strong smell or taste, such as chlorine. If you are using tap water let it run a few seconds before filling your coffee pot. Be sure to use cold water. Do not use distilled or softened water.
Ratio of Coffee to Water
Use the proper amount of coffee for every six ounces of water that is actually brewed, remembering that some water is lost to evaporation in certain brewing methods. A general guideline is 1 to 2 tablespoons of ground coffee for every six ounces of water. This can be adjusted to suit individual taste preferences. Be sure to check the ‘cup’ lines on your brewer to see how they actually measure.
Water Temperature During Brewing
You are your brewer depending on who is brewing, should maintain a water temperature of 195 – 205 degrees for optimal extraction. Colder water will result in flat, underextracted coffee while water that is too hot will also cause a loss of quality in the taste of the coffee. If you are brewing the coffee manually, let the water come to a full boil, but do not over boil. Turn off the heat source and allow the water to rest a minute before pouring it over the grounds.
The amount of time that the water is in contact with the coffee grounds is another important factor affecting the taste of your coffee. For Espresso, as the name suggests, means that the brew time should be short, that is the coffee should be contact with the water for only 20-30 seconds.
After brewing your coffee
Pour it into a warmed mug or coffee cup so that it maintains its temperature as long as possible. It is good to know that a finely prepared cup of coffee should be enjoyed as thoughtfully as it was brewed. Take a moment to smell the aroma. Take a sip and notice your coffee’s flavor. Enjoy!